05.30-Sed Boker-Metropolin 60
07.15-Beer Sheva-Metropolin 370
09.10-Tel Aviv CBS-Egged 921
Walked (2 km) to Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve
11.45-Nahal Me'arot Nature Reserve-14.25
14.25-Ein Karmel-Egged 921
16.30-Tel Aviv CBS-Metropolin 370
It all began in 1928, when the British were building a port in Haifa and the workers stumbled on prehistoric tools while digging rocks for the breakwater from the Carmel. Experts were called and in 1929, British archeologist Dorothy Garrod arrived at the site. She found the skeleton of a Neanderthal woman from Carmel Caves- the first ever to be discovered outside of Europe. Today, the Mount Carmel region has been excavated with more than 210 prehistoric sites. No wonder, ten years after excavating the Carmel Caves, Garrod became the first female professor at Cambridge. A very rare discovery providing evidence for continuous settlement in a single location for 800,000 years! With layers of civilization from 40,000 to 1,000,000 years Carmel Caves has the longest sequences of human occupation in the Levant.
Several pre-historic cultures viz.
Acheulean (500,000 to 1,000,000 years);
Mugharan/Yabrudian (400,000 to 500,000 years);
Mousterian (40,000 to 400,000 years) and
Natufian (10,000 to 12,000 years)
civilizations inhabited the caves.